Tour type – Walking and bus tour
Distance – 3,2 кm
Duration – 60-120minutes
Brief description: Izmail is usually associated with the Turkish fortress, which was seized by the Russian troops of Alexander Suvorov in 1790. After the defeat of the Russian Empire in the Crimean War in 1856, the Fortress of Izmail was demolished; the ramparts and other fortifications were partially blown up and destroyed. However, the guests of Izmail are still wondering what is left of the fortress? This tour provides an answer to this question.
Object 1. The Old Military Cemetery and the Monument to Heroes
Object 2. The Small Khan Mosque – St. Nicholas Church (XIX century) – Holy Assumption Church (XIX century)
Object 3. The Retaining Wall
Object 4 The Pashinski Bastion

1. On the territory of the Old Military Cemetery, the burials were carried out for soldiers of the Russian army, who presumably died of wounds in the Izmail hospital during the Russian-Turkish war of 1877-1878. During WWI, the bodies of the Entente servicemen – Russians, Romanians, and French – were buried here. The “Cult of Heroes” Society, created in the city, decided to perpetuate the memory of the warriors and heroes who died on this territory. Here is the restored “Monument to Heroes” with an eagle on its top.

2. When you walk from the Old Military Cemetery, in front of you, you can see St. Nicholas and Holy Dormition churches. The oldest building in Izmail and the only religious building from theTurkish city that has survived till today is the Small Khan’s Mosque of the late XVI century. Now it is an integral part of local tourist routes and hosts the department of the Alexander Suvorov Historical Museum in Izmail – Diorama “The Assault on the Fortress of Izmail by Russian troops and Ukrainian Cossacks under the command of Alexander Suvorov on December 11 (22), 1790.” The building of the mosque itself has a very interesting exterior. Its façade is decorated with marble columns imported from the island of Rhodes. On one of the columns there is an inscription in Farsi condemning the rebellion of the Budjak Tatars who attacked the Ottoman garrison of Izmail. The foundation of the minareth as been preserved on the western side of the building.

3. You can see a fragment of the authentic retaining wall that supported the fortress wall on the western part of the former fortress. It is open for viewing for 30 meters. The height of the remains of the wall is about 3.2 m, but prior to the explosion, the height of the wall was about 6 meters.
The wall is built on a foundation of wild stone. Structurally it has at least four levels of built-in wooden bars, fastened with wrought iron nails – a kind of shock absorbers when hit in the wall of cast iron cannonballs.
Today fragments of the retaining wall can also be found in the northern and eastern sections of the fortress.

4. The Pashinski Bastion
The most powerful bastion fortress, built in the late XVIII century, is located at the highest point in the area in Izmail (about 27 m above sea level). This fortress was “lined with stone and had side stone towers.”
During the siege and storming of the fortress in December 1790, the Turks themselves called it “Pashinsky”, apparently named for Seraskir Aidos Mehmet Pasha who led the defense of the fortress. Today, in clear weather, from this point you can see the Holy Intercession Cathedral, the Romanian region of Dobrogea, and the villages of Broska and Matroska.
If you are determined to see the remnant fortifications of the fortress, we recommend that you contact the guide for help ( Late autumn, winter, early spring are the best time for excursions (lack of foliage and high grass cover).